Friday, April 16, 2010

R-S-T-U-V, Find Out What It Means to Me

Barbara Ras, Bite Every Sorrow. No wonder this book won the 1997 Walt Whitman Award. Ras “unscrew(s) the doors themselves from their jambs,” welcoming all things into her poetry in lines that, if not sprawling, are sprawl-ish. I like Ras’s poems, so it may seem contradictory to admit that I had difficulty reading this book. So many words, so many ideas, all presented in lines that stretch & yawn across the page. Too often, I found myself shortening--I like to think--strengthening lines. (I filled a notebook with alternate line breaks--if interested, text me.) At her best, Ras displays a flair for metaphor, giving it multiple layers, braiding imagery together: "not the flash in the pan heat that turned shrimp pink, but steady/pie-cooking heat, the kind that would make meringue rise, confessions falter,/heat that made the horizon burn unattainably beyond the water where the sun/laid itself like gooey sequins, like Pizarro's dreams of gold." Needless to say, this example has nothing to do with the fun fact that you can sing the book title to the tune of Chaka Khan's hit single, "I'm Every Woman."

Charles Simic, That Little Something. My initial reaction to this volume was, “Doh! I meant to read Shelley!” Aside from that, Simic is an exceptional poet. I’ve read many of his nearly 30 books, my favorites being his earlier works, such as Return to a Place Lit by a Glass of Milk, Charon’s Cosmology & School for Dark Thoughts. He’s won numerous prizes & has served as U.S. Poet Laureate, so far be it from me to criticize such a distinguished poet. Well, not so far actually. Most of the poems in the collection lean toward the forgettable, but there remains some quality material here, like “Doubles,” “Walking” & the title poem, each reminiscent of the kind of work that has landed Simic a Pulitzer Prize & MacArthur Fellowship. However, other pieces don’t meet expectations, great or otherwise. For instance, “Metaphysics Anonymous” & “The Ice Cubes Are on Fire” disappoint, neither living up to the tease of their tantalizing titles. Worse, “Ghost Ships” regrettably begins, “The soul is a ghost ship/Set adrift on the seas of eternity . . .” You’re trying too hard, I imagine myself telling a student who’d written those lines in creative writing class, to make the poem important. For my money, an implicitly soulless ship sailing on a specific ocean, maybe the Pacific, can express the same idea. Of course, I don’t actually have money. I’m a poet.

James Tate, Distance from Loved Ones. On the poetry Mt. Rushmore carved in the granite slab inside my ego-inflated noggin, James Tate occupies the spot afforded in the real world to Washington or Jefferson, but not Lincoln or Roosevelt. Tate’s my favorite living poet. (I’ve heard he’s not in the best of health these days, which saddens me. Get well!) I selected Distance from the Loved Ones (1990) because of all of Tate’s books, I remembered the least about this volume. It doesn't contain any miraculously great poems, but there's still enough of Tate’s characteristic wit, non-sequiturs, charm, & absurdity to feed a multitude of literati. If you'd like to sample a few of the poems, I'm providing a link to an abbreviated online copy of the book here. I highly recommend this & all of Tate's books.

John Updike, Verse. This 1965 Crest collection of Updike’s two early books of poetry, The Carpentered Hen (1958) & Telephone Poles (1963), isn’t the worst poetry I’ve ever read. That distinction belongs to Michael McClure’s September Blackberries. I bought Verse at a used book store for 50 Cent, but the Grammy Award winning rapper & actor threw it back in my face. To be fair, Updike earned his stellar reputation mostly as an author of short stories & novels, some of which–the blowjob scene from Rabbit Run, for instance–once gave me pleasure, maybe twice. However, if Stephen Crane & Gunther Grass, both better known for genres outside of poetry, write competent verse, why not Updike–especially considering nearly 3/4 of these poems appeared in The New Yorker? Updike, at least in his early work, saw himself as a writer of light verse. Indeed, at times, poems like “Umbrella,” “Stopper,” “Vacuum Cleaner,” & “Wheel,” read a little like Ogden Nash--or rather his less amusing cousin, Oddjob. I can’t stress the depths to which I hate, loathe, despise “Publius Vergilius Maro, The Madison Avenue Hick,” written in dialect, as if Updike were a wannabe Whitcomb Riley. If you're like me, reading “Reel,” you’ll probably contemplate different ways to kill yourself, such as flinging yourself headlong from the literary heights of Updike’s lifetime achievements. Of course, you could choose the slow, torturous death of continuing to read this volume. It’s not that Updike has written no good poems (“Sonic Boom”), but to paraphrase “Hairbrush”: “ . . . here,/my son,/you have a book of poetry,/but not much of one.”

The Last Neanderthal, Michael Van Walleghen. I thought it might be funny to call the author Philip Levine Lite, but it would be more ironic than funny. Both Van Walleghen & Levine come from the same geographic area, which they write about in a similar style down to their compact lines, but while Levine is not known for his sense of humor, Van Walleghen might not know what humor is. Don’t misunderstand me: he isn’t funny. He has obvious skills as a poet–I can’t complain about his craftsmanship–but this volume, consisting predominantly of nostalgic poems of his childhood & early adulthood, desperately needs comic relief. Let me give you a few examples of the associative process at play: 1) accordion music leads to the remembrance of an unknown man crushed in Calumet; 2) snow stimulates the relatively (it was his mother's recollection) happy thought of not starving because of the family cow; 3) the general impression of the Upper Peninsula in three words: diphtheria, typhoid, lice. That's just from one poem! Speaking of nostalgia, I'm reminded that as an undergraduate, I garnered the nickname of Matt “Morose,” because, believe it or not, my poetry used to be dark & moody. I imagine we'd have called Van Walleghen something fittingly witty too, like Michael “Hey Lighten Up You’re Really Starting to Bring Me Down” Van Walleghen. Seriously, a better book by Van Walleghen, poet lauraete of Illinois, is his 1980 Lamont Poetry Prize winner, More Trouble with the Obvious. If you've not read Van Walleghen, that's the place to start.

Coming soon: W, X, Y, Z!


Zack said...

It's funny that you mention a student from creative writing for example. Explain to me, if you will, the phenomenon of poetic idea - 250 words max.

By the way, your "soulless ship on the Specific," - right? - spoke more to my ship, oh Cap'n, my Cap'n. Way to "crunch" that wanted significance.

A real joy to read, as usual.

Matt Morris said...

Thanks, Zack. Always a pleasure. As one of my best students in creative writing, you clearly understand that any idea can potentially be poetic (poetry is language)& begins each morning with a healthy breakfast, which includes your daily requirement of poetry.

Matt Morris said...

Errata: Zack, I "kinda" omitted a word in my hasty hope to be clever. Following the ampersand, my comment should read "the phenomenon begins each morning with a healthy breakfast . . ." But rather than dwell on mistakes of the past, let's turn this into a teaching moment: always proofread before you proofread again. By the way, are you familiar with the philosophic study of phenomenology? Google Husserl!

Zack said...

Haha. Good tip.

I'm familiar with Kantian phenomenology. Well, no I'm not; I know the general principle. I've heard of Husserl, but not until I Googled him did I realize he's the founder.

I should have been clearer. I'm reading a book on music composition written by Schoenberg, founder of the 12-tone atonal system, "Style and Idea." In this book, he discusses the development of a musical idea, usually referred to as a theme or motive.
I thought maybe there's a book like this for poetic idea. I'm assuming you can infer my definition of poetic idea from this. What I presumed to be a "phenomenon," perhaps more at "inspiration" or the spontaneous blessing of a good idea, must actually be instead a matter of both understanding poetry and knowing how to develop an idea. You make a great point philosophically, though.

Hey, maybe you could show up Schoenberg (God, I love the sound of that - the literal sound) and fill me in on the balance of brain and heart. Summarily, - according to his essay, "Heart and Brain in Music," - an idea that is indisputably cerebral must still have enough heart to be understood emotionally.

While I have no doubt you can show him up with words, I must admit I'd rather you didn't and instead speak of your experience with writing poetry.


Matt Morris said...

Sorry I misunderstood, but if I now understand, which is a big if, what you mean by poetic idea, you can find many examples of a theme or motif (a leitmotif, perhaps) running through a collection like Robert Cheruiyot in the Boston Marathon. Think Ovid’s Metamorphoses or perhaps, depending on your definition of poetic idea, Edgar Lee Master’s Spoon River Anthology.

More recent examples include James Merrill’s Divine Comedies (transcribing Ouija board messages into poetry) & Denise Duhamel’s Kinky (all about Barbie–a great read, by the way).

As for how to generate ideas, poetic or otherwise, I’m not aware of any books specifically about developing book length schemes in poetry. I can recommend books about writing poetry in general if you'd like.

For instance, William Stafford says in Writing the Australian Crawl to write about the first thing that comes to mind when you sit down to write, assuming you sit. If not, please make yourself at home & begin.

Obviously, good writing not only conveys ideas & evokes emotions, but also entertains. The trick is how. As you know, I believe the writer must transform imagination into concrete images, so ideas & emotions, securely anchored in imagery, don’t spiral off into unrecognizable, inaccessible abstractions.

That’s part of the equation, but as for how to entertain, maybe juggle figurative knives. Everyone loves that!

Have I answered any or all of your questions? If not, please try again!

Zack said...

I have a lot of Googling to do. :)